Extract of freshly harvested Hawthorn (Crataegus) berries
The use of Crataegus or, as it is more commonly known, Hawthorn is shrouded in folklore and tradition. Many stories prevail about Crataegus and its deep red fruit borne on spiky shrubs are familiar to many, particularly during the autumn.
More crucially Hawthorn berries have been used in healthcare as far back as the 15th century and known as a tonic. Alfred Vogel relished eating Crataegus berries as a child and later learnt of their true usefulness as a tincture made from the pulp of the berries.
Tincture of fresh Crataegus oxyacantha (Hawthorn) berries, extracted in alcohol (50%V/V)